Facility compliance can mean a lot of different things depending on the industry and occupancy of the premises, but in most cases it means compliance with federal, state and local regulations pertaining to environment, health and safety.  Healthcare and nursing facilities have different facility compliance issues than manufacturing facilities, for instance, due to specific regulations for the healthcare industry.  It is difficult to outline all of the regulations that may impact facility compliance, but an overview of some of the general environmental, health and safety considerations will bring to light areas of concern.

Environmental

Federal and state governments regulate the environment primarily through environmental protection agencies.  These agencies are for the most part concerned with land, air and water safety, which also impacts human life.   Typically, the regulations regarding facility compliance pertain to:

  • Hazardous material identification, use, handling and storage
  • Hazardous waste generation, handling and disposal
  • Air quality and the emission of hazardous pollutants
  • Waste water and the control of pollutants entering surface waters
  • Recordkeeping on the facility’s activities involving all of the above environmental regulations

Health and Safety

Health and safety from a facilities perspective are regulated by various federal, state and local regulations and codes.  A building’s construction and occupancy are subject to building, fire and health codes, to name a few.  Worker health and safety is regulated by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA).  Some of the areas regulated by OSHA are:

  • Material storage
  • Means of egress
  • Occupational health and environment controls
  • Hazardous materials
  • Confined space
  • Fire protection
  • Machinery and machine guarding

While this is not an all encompassing list of regulations to consider when assessing facility compliance, it does give an overview of some of the areas that should be included in a facility compliance review or facility compliance audit.

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